Columnas de Opinión

Scientific and Technological Parks: Key to the socio-economic development of Spain

Parks are an elite concentration point for investment groups, universities, entrepreneurs and companies.

There are 76 parks in Spain. More than 70% of them were created in the last 13 years. Among the reasons for their development, Soledad Diaz Campos General Director of APTE -Asociación de Parques Científicos y Tecnológicos de España- lists*:

  1. They foster innovation. Between 2000 and 2013, 6,030 companies were founded. The “park effect” is innovation. 40% of innovative companies are housed in parks.
  2. They generate qualified employment. In 2009, 11% of Spain’s qualified jobs were in companies housed in parks.
  3. They are an enclave for reginal economic growth. They are responsible for 2.2% of the national GDP and, in some regions, like Andalucía, they represent 7.7% of the regional GDP.
  4. Their annual turnover is about 23 billion Euros and their investment in R&D during the last period was 1.2 billions.
  5. They created a solid network that trade knowledge with greater ease.
  6.  They focus on transferring technology, as it was shown in the Foro Transfiere. Each park has staff specialized in cooperation through the transference of technology.
  7. Parks foster collaboration between businesses and universities. There are 42 Spanish universities working hand-in-hand with the parks, many of which have created their own parks.
  8. Parks are catalysts for Spain’s R&D. They are representatives of technological development and emphasize the transference of technology.
  9. Altogether, they have developed about 1,000 R&D facilities. In 2012 alone, 260 patents were created.
  10. The European Social and Economic Council has published a report stating that parks are key in times of crisis and post-crisis, since they help the economic growth of the nations.

*During her conference in the Second European Forum for Science, Technology and Innovation Transfiere, Malaga, last February.